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孔德明教授课题组研究成果发表于Nucleic Acids Research

Abstract
    Ligands targeting telomeric G-quadruplexs are considered good candidates for anticancer drugs. However, current studies on G-quadruplex ligands focus exclusively on the interactions of ligands and monomeric G-quadruplexes under dilute conditions. Living cells are crowded with biomacromolecules, and the 200-nucleotide G-rich single-stranded overhang of human telomeric DNA has the potential to fold into multimeric G-quadruplex structures containing several G-quadruplex units. Studies on interactions between ligands and multimeric G-quadruplexes under molecular crowding conditions could provide a new route for screening specific telomeric G-quadruplex-targeting ligands. Herein, TMPipEOPP, a cationic porphyrin derivative designed by us, was demonstrated as a promising multimeric telomeric G-quadruplex ligand under molecular crowding conditions. It could highly specifically recognize G-quadruplexes. It could also promote the formation of G-quadruplexes and stabilize them. Detailed studies showed that TMPipEOPP interacted with monomeric G-quadruplexes in sandwich-like end-stacking mode of quadruplex/TMPipEOPP/quadruplex and interacted with multimeric human telomeric G-quadruplexes by intercalating into the pocket between two adjacent G-quadruplex units. The pocket size greatly affected TMPipEOPP binding. A larger pocket was advantageous for the intercalation of TMPipEOPP.This work provides new insights into the ligandbinding properties of multimeric G-quadruplexes under molecular crowding conditions and introduces a new route for screening anticancer drugs targeting telomeric G-quadruplexes.